|Deriving Einstein's Mass - Energy Equation E = mc2 - Patrick Bruskiewich|
In a brilliant paper titled "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend upon its Energy-Content?" published in September 1905 in the German physics journal Annalen der Physik, 17, 1905 ("Ist die Tragheit eines Korpers von seinem Energiegehalt abha¤ngig?") Einstein was able to show that the mass of an object is a measure of its energy content. In this Ï - Physics Initiative in Education module Einstein's Mass-Energy Equation E = mc2 is derived and some of its implications are described...
Keywords: Einstein; Mass-Energy; E = mc2; Momentum of Light; Nichols - Hull; Einstein Box Thought Experiment; Sun and Fusion; Pion Decay and Relativistic Energy, Pythagoras Publishing
|Physics 11, Snell's Law Experiment - Patrick Bruskiewich|
A physics 11 experiment on refraction and Snell's Law. This document includes several ray tracings which can be used by students to do a take-home lab.
Keywords: Physics 11; Snell's Law Experiment; Refraction, Pythagoras Publishing
|Station Point Grey and Very Special Intelligence: Part 3 - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The third part of as four part history of Station Point Grey and Special Intelligence, this part looks at the final months of the War in the Pacific and in particular why atom bombs were dropped on the strategic military targets of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This part also looks at the Asian Holocaust where upwards of thirty million people were murdered by the Empire of Japan between 1937 and 1945, OPERATION DOWNFALL the planned invasions of Japan, the attacks on the West Coast of Canada by submari...
Keywords: Station Point Grey; Special Intelligence; the Asian Holocaust; Fire Balloons; submarine attacks; West Coast; Fire Balloons; Unit 731; Ishii; biological warfare; the Stockholm Understanding; the Okamoto Edit; Unconditional Surrender; Emperor Hirohito; war crimes; Tokyo Tribunal, Pythagoras Publishing
|Copernicus Work Book - Patrick Bruskiewich|
A work book to introduce On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres by Copernicus. The work book includes excerpts of Nicholas Copernicus' 1543 book, a biography, contributions By Sir Jean Jeans and Max Planck about Copernicus as well as a description of the Apparent Motion and Orbits of the Planets. A digital book prepared by Pythagoras Publishing of Vancouver, BC, Canada
Keywords: On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres; Nicholas Copernicus; Sir Jean Jeans; Max Planck; Pythagoras Publishing
|Physics 12, Electrostatics - Patrick Bruskiewich|
A physics 12 talk titled Electrostatics.
Keywords: Physics 12; Electrostatics, Pythagoras Publishing
|The Period of a Simple Pendulum, an elementary derivation without calculus - Patrick Bruskiewich|
In this article the period of a simple pendulum is derived using pre-calculus kinematics. This heurtistic approach is a good introduction to for non-calculus students to the kinematics of a simple pendulum. Mention is made of the early experiments of Leonardo da Vinci and of Galileo Galilei. Lagrange and Einstein.
Keywords: Period of a Simple Pendulum; Galileo; non-calculus; CUPJ; cupj, Pythagoras Publishing
|Admiralty Brief (Part 1) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
Admiralty Brief by Capt. Edward Terrell RN, O,B.E., QC Part 1, Chapter 1 to 10, pages 1 -135 George G. Harrap & Co. London, 1958 Dedicated to "My Lords of the Admiralty of the Second World War."
Keywords: Admiralty Brief; Edward Terrell; Royal Navy; Admiralty; Technology; ASW; Disney Bomb; Plastic Armour; Scorpion; Capture U-570
|Really ... Does Malala Deserve a Nobel Prize? - Patrick Bruskiewich|
On the eve of the announcement of the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize, like an old, tarnished and somewhat scratched penny, Malala Yousafzai's name once again is mentioned. I am rather surprised that this young and unworthy candidate was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize, even as a symbol, for there are other better choices regarding better education in the Third World, several of which I mention below. And I think, like most of the world, should the Oslo Committee decide to grant this young and undese...
Keywords: Nobel Peace Prize; Oslo Committee; Afghanistan; Education; Malala; Wesa; Adrienne Clarkson; Parliament of Canada; 2014 Nobel Prize
|Physics 11, Speed of Sound Experiment - Patrick Bruskiewich|
A physics 11 speed of sound experiment involving temperature dependence is the purpose of this experiment. The students take two measurements one with air above cold water and one with air above warm water, and then graphs and analyzes the data. A scatter plot of class results can be used in the analysis. This lab teaches several key physics lab concepts.
Keywords: Physics 11; Speed of Sound Experiment; temperature dependence, Pythagoras Publishing
|Nuclear Physics by Enrico Fermi: Chapter 6 - Patrick Bruskiewich|
Muclear Physics by Enrico Fermi Chapter 6 University of Chicago Press, 1950
Keywords: Enrico Fermi; Nuclear Physics; textbook; Chapter 6, Nuclear Forces, mesons, saturation of nuclear forces, Exchange Forces, deuterons, neutron-proton scattering, proton-proton scattering, spin-spin interaction, neutron-neutron forces
|Flavour Changing Neutral Current Penguin Physics and the Babar Experiment - Patrick Bruskiewich|
A presentation made before the author's Ph.D. committee headed by Janis McKenna about the Babar Experiment and Flavour Changing Neutral Current Penguin Physics, in the search for Physics Beyond the Standard Model. This presentation was made in 2006 and was approved as a Ph.D. research thesis in experimental particle physics. Unfortunately, before the author could visit Stanford to undertake graduate related site work on behalf of the Barbar project the author would be the victim of a deliberate ...
Keywords: Flavour Changing Neutral Current; Penguin Decay; Electroweak; Babar
|Introduction to the Theory of Relativity: Part 1 - Patrick Bruskiewich|
Introduction to the Theory of Relativity by Peter Bergmann Part 1: Chapters 1- 5 Prentice Hall, New York , 1948
Keywords: Bergmann; Introduction to the Theory of Relativity; Frames of Reference; Coordinate Transformation; Classical Mechanics; Light; Lorentz Transformation; Vector Calculus; Tensor Calculus
|Station Point Grey and Very Special Intelligence: Part 2 - Patrick Bruskiewich|
In this article, part 2 of the series, the role that Station Point Grey played in the war against the blockade running German and Japanese submarines is presented with an emphasis on the transfer of special cargo such as men and strategic materials, as well as drawings and parts for advanced radar, aircraft, rocket and electronics, is presented. The Asaka Maru Affair from 1941 is presented, The planning and lead up to the attack on Pearl Harbour by the Imperial Japanese Navy is described, with p...
Keywords: Station Point Grey; Special Intelligence; Tokyo Berlin messages; UBC; Arlington Hall; Bletchley Park; NSA; decrypts; blockade running submarines; Asaka Maru; Winston Churchill; R. V. Jones; Scientific Intelligence; radar; aircraft; U-864; I-52; TRICYCLE; Pearl Harbour; Taranto Raid, Pythagoras Publishing
|A Simple Derivation of the Equations of Einstein's Theory of Special Relativity - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The implications of the two simple postulates of Special Relativity proposed by Albert Einstein are presented in a succinct form in this paper. Two additional heuristic postulates are explained. The simple algebraic derivation of the equations of Special Relativity was shared by the author to Dr. F. A. Kaempffer and Dr. George Volkoff during the course of a pleasant conversation in 1984.
Keywords: Einstein; Special Relativity; Simple Derivations; Lorentz Transformation; heuristic postulates
|Time Optimization, Fermat's Principle and Mathematics-Based Technology Enhanced Learning using Excel - Patrick Bruskiewich|
We can view reflection of light off a mirror, and refraction of light leading to Snell's Law as a Time Optimization Problem (TOP). Fermat's Principle is that the path traveled by light is the path of least travel time, an explicit description of time optimization. A third TOP problem, flight time between two points, with auxiliary travel constraints, will also be considered in this paper. Solving Time Optimization Problem using a spreadsheet program like EXCEL is a good example of Mathematics-ba...
Keywords: Time Optimization; reflection; refraction; Snell's Law; Fermat's Principle; Mathematics-Based Technology Enhanced Learning; Excel; Carl Wieman Science Education Initiative; UBC
|Using the Frequency of Vibration of a Loaded Beam to Determine the Young's Modulus E, or to Determine g, the Rate of Acceleration - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The frequency of a vibrating beam can be used to determine the Young's modulus of the beam, or g, the rate of acceleration. This paper was written in 1981. The manuscript remained lost in the author's papers for years, until recently rediscovered with other manuscripts.
Keywords: vibration of a loaded beam; Young's Modulus; determination of g; second order differential equation; constant coefficients
|Lense-Thirring Frame Dragging and its Effect on Galactic Structure - No Need for Dark Matter Hypothesis - Patrick Bruskiewich|
While we normally consider Lense-Thirring Frame Dragging when studying compact sources with high rotational rates, we should not overlook frame dragging in large structures such as galaxies which have small rotational rates. Although Lense-Thirring frame dragging is a minute effect, due to a galaxy's size and angular momentum this minute effect will be observable at a galactic scale. The frame dragging will modify the normal Keplerian orbital dynamics...
Keywords: Lense-Thirring; Frame Dragging; Galactic Structure. Keplerian Orbital Dynamics; no need for MOND or Dark Matter
|The Bruskiewich - Volkoff - Von Neumann Algorithm: A Simulation of a Random Two or Three State System - Patrick Bruskiewich|
This manuscript was co-written in 1982 with Dr. George Volkoff but remained lost in the primary author's papers, until recently rediscovered with other manuscripts. The crux of this paper stems from discussions that the primary author had with Dr. Volkoff, and prior discussions George had with his colleagues Stanislaw Ulam and the late John von Neumann. Using the Ulam Mapping Function an algorithm is developed to produce pseudo-random two and three state selection, such as coin tosses and random...
Keywords: Bruskiewich Volkoff Von Neumann Algorithm; George Volkoff; John von Neumann; Stanislaw Ulam; Ulam Mapping Function; random numbers; coin toss; two state system; three state system, Pythagoras Publishing, mathematics, mathematicians
|Moon Workbook - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The Moon Workbook is a compilation of articles designed to help the student of astronomy to understand the Earth-Moon system, including: how the distance to the moon is measured, how the radius of the moon is determined, The Moon IllusionThe TidesThe Shape of the EarthThe Mass of the MoonKepler's Three Lawsand how one can estimate G using the MoonThere are also ten work book questions.articles are drawn from Sir, Patrick Moore, Isaac Asimov...
Keywords: the Moon; the Earth- Moon system; tides; Gravitation; Kepler's Three Laws; G the gravitational constant
|On the Loss of the Kursk - Patrick Bruskiewich|
An unpublished article written the week of the sinking of the Russian Nuclear submarine Kursk speculating as to the cause of the sinking - a hot running torpedo. This article was sent to the National Post, Globe and Mail and Vancouver Sun. The author predicts that upwards of sixteen or so men would have survived the initial explosion and sinking in the aft section of the nuclear powered submarine .....
Keywords: Kursk; sinking; hot running torpedo; speculate as to cause of accident
|George Volkoff and reactor physics in Canada - Patrick Bruskiewich|
George Volkoff, along with Fermi and Weinberg, is one of the three fathers of nuclear reactor theory. During the second world war Volkoff worked with the Montreal Theory Group developing heavy water reactor theory. The first attempt to build a function reactor was made in Canada nearly a year before Fermi undertook his Chicago experiments. The Ottawa failed due to a lack of sufficient material of adequate purity...
Keywords: Volkoff; Fermi; reactor theory; nuclear reactors in Canada; ZEEP; NRX; NRU; Chalk River; CUPJ; cupj
|The Chemistry of Iron and Steel. - Patrick Bruskiewich|
An introduction to the Chemistry of Iron and Steel, appropriate for either chemistry 11 or chemistry 12.
Keywords: Chemistry of Iron; Chemistry of Steel. Pythagoras Publishing
|On the Interaction of Elementary Particles by Yukawa - Patrick Bruskiewich|
Yukawa's 1934 paper which hypothesized the existence of the pion, the quanta holding the protons and neutrons together in the nucleus.
Keywords: Yukawa; Pions
|Thermodynamics, Thermal Radiation and the Beginnings of Modern Physics - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The beginnings of Quantum Physics is introduced in such a manner as to present a continuity of effort between "classical" and "quantum" physics. This paper was written in 1981 and looks at the specific problem of the energy spectrum of a black body source in thermal equilibrium, the 1900 discoveries by Max Planck, and the transfer of energy at an atomic scale. Max Planck never believed that his 1900 paper was all that revolutionary...
Keywords: Thermodynamics; Thermal Radiation; Black Body Radiation; entropy; Max Planck; Bruskiewich, Pythagoras Publishing
|Personal Recollections about P.A.M. Dirac, by Dr. Maurice Pryce - Patrick Bruskiewich|
Some personal recollections about the life and achievements of Paul Dirac by Maurice Pryce, one of Dirac's finest graduate students. You will enjoy the comments by Kapitza teasing Dirac "positive electrons ... positive electrons, put that into your theory!" at a Cambridge symposium in late 1932/early 1933. Of course Dirac would do so and win a Nobel Prize in Physics for his theory of the Relativistic Positron...
Keywords: Paul Dirac; Maurice Pryce; Kapitza; positive electrons; positrons; Quantum Mechanics, Nobel Prize in Physics, Pythagoras Publishing
|A Look at Gifted Children in the Sciences, Four Case Studies - Patrick Bruskiewich|
Prodigiousness is shared between boys and girls, but genius is predominately a male attribute. The four case studies look at Albert Einstein, Kurt Godel, Paul Erdos and Srinivasa Ramanujan. Gifted Children have special needs. While gifted children inspire admiration, left to their own devices in a normal classroom, they suffer neglect, ridicule and misunderstanding.
Keywords: Albert Einstein; Kurt Godel; Paul Erdos; Srinivasa Ramanujan; Case Study Gifted Children, Pythagoras Publishing
|An Introduction to Heat Transport by Conduction and Fourier's Law - Patrick Bruskiewich|
This short paper is a non-calculus introduction to the theory of heat transport by conduction and to Fourier's Law. The paper includes seven examples and three questions for students at a first year university level. One of the examples looks at the Igloo as a practical winter structure.
Keywords: Heat Transport; heat conduction; heat flux; Fourier's Law; non-calculus; the electrical analogy to heat loss; the igloo; vapour barrier; Pythagoras Publsihing
|George Volkoff, UBC and the TRIUMF Project (the Lost Wheeler Letter and the Oppenheimer Hearings) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
This third article about George Volkoff describes his contributions to the University of British Columbia (UBC) and TRIUMF, Canada's National Accelerator Laboratory on the south campus of UBC. Included in this articles are stories, derived from primary sources, about Einstein, Leopold Infeld, Frederick Kaempffer, and Professor Opechowski (Pritchard should read Pickard in this article). Of special note are the comments by I.I...
Keywords: Volkoff; TRIUMF; I.I. Rabi; Edward Teller; hydrogen bomb; the lost Wheeler letter; the Oppenheimer Hearings; John Wheeler; CUPJ; cupj
|Zeropoint Fluctuations and the Suspended Charge Paradox - Patrick Bruskiewich|
In this paper Zero Point Fluctuations, the stability of the ground state of at atom, the Casimir Effect, the Unruh-Davies Temperature and the Sakharov's proposal that gravity is an induced quantum effect is discussed in some detail. Einstein's Equivalence Principle requires a modification of the zero point field by gravitational mass. An expression which connects the fine structure constant to the gravitational constant G - the Electro-Gravitational cross section, is presented...
Keywords: Zero Point Fluctuation; Quantum Gravity; Electro-Gravitational Cross Section; Casimir Effect; Sakharov Proposal
|Nuclear Physics by Enrico Fermi: Chapter 2 - Patrick Bruskiewich|
Nuclear Physics by Enrico Fermi Chapter 2: Interaction of Radiation with matter University of Chicago Press, 1950
Keywords: Enrico Fermi; Nuclear Physics; textbook; Chapter 2, Interaction of Radiation with matter, Bohr Formula, scattering due to a coulomb field, multiple scattering, Compton Scattering, Klein-Nishina Formula, radiation by fast electron, pair production, absorption of photons
|The U-2 and the Avro Arrow - Patrick Bruskiewich|
In September 1956 Canadian RCAF fighter pilots flying CF-86 Sabre jets with NATO in Europe inadvertently down an American CIA U-2 over Germany. The pilot Howard Carey was killed. The Canadian Incident, as it has become known, is inextricably tied to the decision to cancel the Avro Arrow CF-105 project in February 1959. The reader is welcome to read the Canadian Incident script as well posted at archive.org...
Keywords: U-2; Avro Arrow; CF-86 Sabre jets; RCAF; CIA., Pythagoras Publishing
|The Lithium Anomaly and the 7Li(3He,4He)6Li Neutron Transfer Reaction - Patrick Bruskiewich|
This 2007 Ph.D. Thesis proposal was approved by Janis McKenna et al. at UBC and TRIUMF and would involve using the TACTIC detector to study the neutron transfer reaction in inverse kinematics for the 7Li(3He,4He)6Li at low energy (0.250 to 1.0 MeV). The Lithium anomaly is the difference between what astrophysical models predict for the Lithium 6 and Lithium 7 abundance in the universe and the measured values...
Keywords: Lithium Anomaly; 7Li(3He; 4He)6Li reaction; neutron transfer reaction; Lithium 6; Lithium 7; TACTIC detector
|An Accelerator Based Temporary Solution to the Medical Isotope Problem - Patrick Bruskiewich|
This is a reprint of an article by Kate Montgomery which appeared in the Spring 2010 edition of the Canadian Undergraduate Physics Journal. The article describes how a proton cyclotron bombarding an enriched moly-99 target can produce tech-99m by a p, 2n reaction. The excitation curve for this nuclear reaction is included in the article. The creator of this archived work was a consultant on this paper and provided the background physics to Ms...
Keywords: Technetium 99; Molybdenum 99; SPECT; Isotope; cyclotron; NRU; radiopharmaceutical; CUPJ
|Nuclear Physics by Enrico Fermi: Chapter 9 - Patrick Bruskiewich|
Nuclear Physics by Enrico Fermi Chapter 9 University of Chicago Press, 1950
Keywords: Enrico Fermi; Nuclear Physics; textbook; Chapter 9, neutron physics, elastic scattering, diffusion theory, neutron distribution, scattering length, theory of chain reactions, Elementary theory of reacting piles
|An Introduction to the Use of Generalized Coordinates in Mechanics and Physics:Part 1 - Patrick Bruskiewich|
An Introduction to the Use of Generalized Coordinates in Mechanics and Physics By William Elwood Byerly, Harvard Chapter 1- 2 Ginn and Co. Boston, 1944
Keywords: Generalized Coordinates; Mechanics; Lagrange Equation; Atwood Machine; Gyroscope; Hamiltonian; Modified Lagrangian
|Elementary Particles by Enrico Fermi: Part 1 - Patrick Bruskiewich|
Elementary Particles by Enrico Fermi Chapters 1 to 3, Chapter 1: Quanta as the Field as Particles, Chapter 2: Interaction of the Fields, Chapter 3: The Interaction Constants Yale University Press, 1951
Keywords: Enrico Fermi; Elementary Particles; Quanta; Fields; Interaction Constants; Pions; Neutrinos
|Emily Carr, Processing Visual Information, Science 201 (week 11) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The week eleven notes titled Processing Information, for Science 201, Vision Perception and Science taught by the author at the Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design (refer to Science 201 Course Outline).
Keywords: Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design; Science 201; Processing Visual Information
|Emily Carr, Christiaan Huygens, Science 201 (week 4) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The week four notes titled Christiaan Huygens, for Science 201, Vision Perception and Science taught by the author at the Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design (refer to Science 201 Course Outline).
Keywords: Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design; Science 201; Christiaan Huygens
|Emily Carr, Human Brain, Science 201 (week 9) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The week nine notes titled the Human Brain, for Science 201, Vision Perception and Science taught by the author at the Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design (refer to Science 201 Course Outline).
Keywords: Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design; Science 201; Human Brain
|Emily Carr, Gestalt, Science 201 (week 13) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The week thirteen notes titled Gestalt, for Science 201, Vision Perception and Science taught by the author at the Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design (refer to Science 201 Course Outline).
Keywords: Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design; Science 201; Gestalt
|Physics 101, Black Holes and Gravitational Fields Assignment - Patrick Bruskiewich|
A physics 101 talk about Black Holes and Gravitational Fields. An excerpt from Physics by Tipler is included in this assignment
Keywords: Physics 101; Black Holes and Gravitational Fields Assignment, Pythagoras Publishing
|Physics 12, Electric Forces Between and Within Atoms - Patrick Bruskiewich|
A physics 12 talk titled Electric Forces Between and Within Atoms.
Keywords: Physics 12; Electric Forces Between and Within Atoms
|The HP Way, Know Your Institution First Hand - Patrick Bruskiewich|
A January 2006 article in the Graduate Magazine at UBC. Knowledge is universal, but living knowledge does not reside in books, but within the hearts and mind of men. Knowledge is inanimate, people are animate. How important Management by Objectives MBO and management by walking around MBWA impact an organization. The leadership styles of Lord Nelson, Ed Deming, as well as David Packard and Bill Hewlett are discussed...
Keywords: UBC; Management by Objectives; Management by Walking Around; Lord Nelson; Ed Demings; David Packard; Bill Hewlett; Five Objectives for Improvement
|Emily Carr, Selective Absorption, Science 201 (week 5) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The week five notes titled Selective Absorption, for Science 201, Vision Perception and Science taught by the author at the Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design (refer to Science 201 Course Outline).
Keywords: Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design; Science 201; Selective Absorption
|Emily Carr, Science of Photography, Science 201 (week 7) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The week seven notes titled Science of Photography, for Science 201, Vision Perception and Science taught by the author at the Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design (refer to Science 201 Course Outline).
Keywords: Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design; Science 201; Science of Photography
|The Canadian Incident, the Downing of a U-2 in 1956 by the RCAF (Film Script) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
In September 1956 four RCAF pilots flying Canadair CF-86 with Orenda motors intercepted a high flying, mysterious and unidentified aircraft entering NATO airspace from the East. The four pilots on Zulu alert would inadvertently down a U-2 spy plane returning from a mission to photograph preparations in the Eastern Med for the 1956 Invasion of the Suez. The pilot of the U-2, Howard Carey, who was a colleague and a friend of Gary Powers, would die in the crash...
Keywords: U-2; crash; Howard Carey; CF-86 Sabre jets, RCAF; CIA; John McElroy, Suez Crisis, Pythagoras Publishing
|Cardan's Sophistic Sum and Product Question from Ars Magna - Patrick Bruskiewich|
In his book Ars Magna (the Great Art) of 1545 the mathematician Girolamo Cardano (1501-1576), also known as Cardan, presented his famous Sum and Product question: What two numbers have a sum of ten and a product of 40? Cardan called this question Sophistic because he saw no real world or physical meaning to the solution to his question. In his own words he said of his Sophistic question that its solution " .....
Keywords: Cardan; Cardano. Sphistic Question; Magical Genius; Ars Magna; Volkoff; Kamepffer; Complex Numbers
|Emily Carr, Science and Art Leonardo da Vinci , Science 201 (week 2) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The week two notes titled Science and Art - Leonardo da Vinci, for Science 201, Vision Perception and Science taught by the author at the Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design (refer to Science 201 Course Outline).
Keywords: Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design; Science 201; Science and Art; Leonardo da Vinci, Pythagoras Publishing
|Emily Carr, Albrecht Durer, Science 201 (week 3) - Patrick Bruskiewich|
The week three notes titled Albrecht Durer, for Science 201, Vision Perception and Science taught by the author at the Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design (refer to Science 201 Course Outline).
Keywords: Emily Carr Institute for Art and Design; Science 201; Albrecht Durer
|High Technology on the North Shore: The North and West Vancouver Economic Development Commission ( 1989 ): Part 1 - Patrick Bruskiewich|
Archived copy of a report completed in 1989 outlining a High Technology Survey and Strategy for North and West Vancouver. The creator of this archived document was the Chairman of the North and West Vancouver Science and Technology sub-Committee to the North Shore Economic Development Commission (NSEDC). The work of the sub-committee helped the sector to flourish beyond any expectation. The work of this sub-committee would also encourage other regions in the GVRD to undertake similar work and ou...
Keywords: High Technology; Greater Vancouver's North Shore; North and West Vancouver